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Competition is not separable from endless flavors of cooperation

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Her trees are far more social than even Patricia suspected. There are no individuals. There aren’t even separate species. Everything in the forest is the forest. Competition is not separable from endless flavors of cooperation. Trees fight no more than do the leaves on a single tree. It seems most of nature isn’t red in tooth and claw, after all. For one, those species at the base of the living pyramid have neither teeth nor talons. But if trees share their storehouses, then every drop of red must float on a sea of green.

From the Book The Overstory, New York, London: W. W. Norton & Company, 2018, pages 142, ISBN 039335668X


Date Added: 2019 Aug 22

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